Betelgeuse, also pronounced and spelled Beetlejuice, is the second brightest star in the Orion constellation. It's not a very happy star and is expected to expire within the next million years or so. According to current scientific thinking this will result in it first collapsing in on itself because of a fuel shortage in one form or other then bouncing back in a Supernova.
Betelgeuse isn't too close to Earth with estimates ranging between 430 light years and ending within the 650 light year range. In other words it takes light, traveling at 186 000 miles per second, up to 650 years to reach us from there, that's quite far actually. But Betelgeuse is a rather large star, about 200 million times the volume of our sun, the thing about such a large star is that it is burning fuel at an enormous rate so, while our sun is billions of years old, Betelgeuse is only about ten million years old. It is also huge; if it were to replace our sun at the center of our solar system the edge would be somewhere between the asteroid belt and Jupiter. It's what is known as a red supergiant star (very appropriate description in my view) with a somber orange-red color. You can see it in the Orion constellation and is the right shoulder star, easy to identify as it is the second brightest star in Orion.
I couldn't find the name Betelgeuse in the Bible but Orion is there in the book of Job 9:9 and Job 38:31 also in the book of Amos 5:8.
This star has fascinated astronomers since time immemorial and I highly recommend having a look at the following web sites; Earthsky.org and Space.com
I have thoroughly enjoyed researching this post and even though I know it's for a short post on my part, researching it has been immensely educational.
Blessings from Geoff.